Screening The following procedures and tests may be needed for the screening of cervical cancer:
Bimanual pelvic exam. The following tests and procedures may be applied for screening of cervical cancer:
HPV test. This testing is done on the sample of cells extracted from the woman’s cervix. The sample taken here can also be employed for the Pap Test. The sample taken is tested for the strains of HPV which are usually linked to cervical cancer. This testing can be completed in privacy or along with a Pap test. This testing can also be completed on the sample of cells collected by the woman from her vagina herself
Pap test. The Pap test is amongst the most common test done for detecting early changes in cells which can lead to cervical cancer. This test is called Pap smear. This test constitutes gathering a sample of cells from the cervix. It is usually done simultaneously to the bimanual pelvic exam. A Pap test can be coupled with an HPV test.
Visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA). VIA refers to a sort of screening test implied in cases where the access to medical care is bound. This type of test can be done with a naked eye and with the help of a few tools. During this testing, the solution of white vinegar dilution is applied to the cervix. The cervix is then checked for abnormalities which turn white when comes in contact to vinegar.
HPV vaccination for women can subsequently reduce the chances of developing cervical cancer later in life however this approach does not exclude the need for regular screening life at later stages.
Cervical cancer can be checked by having regular screenings for finding any precancers and treating them. Preventing precancers refers to controlling the possible risk factors, which are as follows:-