Cervical Cancer Screening and Vaccination




Cervical Cancer Screening and Vaccination


Screening The following procedures and tests may be needed for the screening of cervical cancer:

Bimanual pelvic exam. The following tests and procedures may be applied for screening of cervical cancer:

HPV test. This testing is done on the sample of cells extracted from the woman’s cervix. The sample taken here can also be employed for the Pap Test. The sample taken is tested for the strains of HPV which are usually linked to cervical cancer. This testing can be completed in privacy or along with a Pap test. This testing can also be completed on the sample of cells collected by the woman from her vagina herself

Pap test. The Pap test is amongst the most common test done for detecting early changes in cells which can lead to cervical cancer. This test is called Pap smear. This test constitutes gathering a sample of cells from the cervix. It is usually done simultaneously to the bimanual pelvic exam. A Pap test can be coupled with an HPV test.

Visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA). VIA refers to a sort of screening test implied in cases where the access to medical care is bound. This type of test can be done with a naked eye and with the help of a few tools. During this testing, the solution of white vinegar dilution is applied to the cervix. The cervix is then checked for abnormalities which turn white when comes in contact to vinegar.


Vaccination

HPV vaccination for women can subsequently reduce the chances of developing cervical cancer later in life however this approach does not exclude the need for regular screening life at later stages.

  • The vaccines do not give protection against every high-risk HPV types.
  • If vaccination coverage is low, non-vaccinated girls are at a continuous risk just like other women who did not have the chance to be vaccinated.
  • Screening programmes perform an important role in the repression of cervical cancer allowing for early detection and treatment. Cervical cancer screening refers to the testing for pre-cancerous lesions and cancer in women who do not exhibit any symptoms and seem to be perfectly healthy When pre-cancerous lesions are identified during screening, these can be treated easily advancement of cancer can be averted. Screening can also help in detecting cancer at quite an early stage, allowing women to receive very effective treatment. Since pre-cancerous lesions take several years to develop, screening followed by adequate treatment is prescribed for every woman aged 30 years in every 5 to 10 years. WHO also proposes that countries should assure that women aged between 30 to 49 years should be screened at least once in their entire lifetime.
  • Prevention of Cervical Cancer -

    Cervical cancer can be checked by having regular screenings for finding any precancers and treating them. Preventing precancers refers to controlling the possible risk factors, which are as follows:-

  • first sexual intercourse should be delayed Until the late teens or beyond.
  • Number of sex partners should be restricted
  • Avoid having sex with a person having multiple partners
  • Avoid sex with a person who is clearly infected with genital warts or exhibits other symptoms
  • Quitting smoking
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