Infertility is a common problem occurring in about 11 percent of reproductive age couples. It may be defined as, when one partner cannot contribute to conception, or when a woman is unable to carry a pregnancy to full term. It is often defined as not able to conceive after 12 months of regular sexual intercourse without the use of birth control. Providentially, with help from today's fertility treatments and advanced reproductive technologies, more than 80 percent of couples with infertility problems can become parents. Treatment
Infertility treatment depends on:
Causes of infertility
Since when you've been infertile
Both the partners age
Some causes of infertility may not be corrected. In some cases where spontaneous pregnancy does not happen, couples could often still achieve a pregnancy through the use of assisted reproductive technology. Infertility treatment involves significant financial, physical, psychological and time commitments.
Men's treatment includes management for general sexual problems or lack of healthy sperm. Treatment may include:
Lifestyle alteration. Improving lifestyle and behavioral factors can improve chances for pregnancy, including discontinuing selected medications, changing frequency and timing of intercourse, practicing regular exercise, and optimizing various other factors that may otherwise impair fertility.
Medications. Some specific medications might improve a man's sperm count and likelihood for achieving a successful pregnancy. These medicines may enhance testicular function, including sperm production and quality.
Surgery. In selected conditions, surgery might reverse a sperm blockage and restore fertility. In other cases, surgically repairing a varicocele might also improve overall chances for pregnancy.
Sperm retrieval. These techniques obtain sperm when ejaculation becomes a problem or when no sperm are present in the ejaculated fluid. They might also be used in cases where assisted reproductive techniques are planned and sperm counts are low or otherwise abnormal.Treatment for women
Although a woman might need just one or two therapies to restore fertility, it's quite possible that several different types of treatment may be needed before she's able to conceive.Stimulating ovulation with the help of fertility drugs
Fertility drugs are the main treatment for women who are infertile due to ovulation problems. These medications can regulate or induce ovulation.Intrauterine insemination (IUI).
During IUI, healthy sperms are sited directly in the uterus around the time the woman's ovary releases one or more eggs to be fertilized. Depending on the reasons for infertility, the timing of IUI can be coordinated with your normal menstrual cycle or with fertility medications.Surgery to restore fertility.
Uterine problems such as endometrial polyps, a uterine septum or intrauterine scar tissue could be treated with hysteroscopic surgery.