Fibroids are abnormal usually benign (non-cancerous), fibrous growths or tumors that commonly arise within the muscle and connective tissues of the uterus. Fibroids might occur as a single growth or multiple growths and vary in size from as small as a pea, to the size of a grapefruit. They can be found on the surface of the uterus, within the walls or inside the cavity (where the baby grows). They usually grow larger over time
Symptoms caused by fibroids:
They can be responsible for causing no symptoms or changes in the menstrual cycle, pain in the abdomen or lower back, pain during sex, difficult or frequent urination, constipation, miscarriage, infertility or anemia (due to excessive menstrual bleeding) depending on their size, number, and location. Fertility problems are also accountable to fibroids that block the fallopian tubes or prevent implantation of a fertilized egg in the uterus.Types of fibroids
Three different types of fibroids are seen:
it grows from the uterine wall into the uterine cavity, sometimes distorting it leading to pain, abnormal bleeding, or infertility.
t grows from the uterine wall to the outside of the uterus causing pressure on the bladder, bowel, and intestine. They can cause bloating, abdominal pressure, cramping, and pelvic pain.
it remains confined within the uterine wall causing symptoms similar to the submucosal and subserosal fibroids.
Polyps can be seen as grape-like growths which develop in the wall of the cervix or lining of the uterus (endometrium). These are sometimes also called endometrial polyps. Polyps can extend upto 2 cm in diameter. They can be found one at a time or are often found in groups. Endometrial polyps are most often benign.Symptoms:
Polyps in the cervix and uterine cavity cause heavy, watery discharge and bleeding between periods or in connection with sexual intercourse. Even though endometrial polyps are generally harmless, a gynaecological examination should be done if you have any of the above-mentioned symptoms, because they can also be signs of dysplasia in the cervix or uterine cavity.Laparoscopy
A gynaecological laparoscopy allows a surgeon to look inside your fallopian tubes, ovaries and uterus (womb). It can be used for diagnosis and treatment of a condition. It is always performed under general anesthesia. Once you're unconscious, a small tube, catheter will be inserted to collect your urine. A small needle will then be used to fill your abdomen with carbon dioxide gas. The gas helps to keep your abdominal wall away from your organs reducing the risk of injury. A small cut is made in your navel and laparoscope will be inserted, which transmits images to a screen. It gives a clear view of your organs. For diagnosis, a look is taken inside and then it can be done. If surgery is needed, other incisions will be made. Instruments need to be inserted through these holes and surgery is performed using the laparoscope as a guide.Different types of laparoscopic treatment include: