Beginner’s Guide to Antenatal Care

Antenatal Exercise

Antenatal exercises are important to maintain physical fitness and overall health and wellness during pregnancy. Your health care provider will also recommend you to be active as long as it is comfortable and there are no other adverse health issues. Prenatal care is preventive health care and a well-chosen health program aids in making delivery easy. Some facts about exercise during pregnancy:

Antenatal Diet

A healthy and nutrient-rich diet during pregnancy ensures that your baby is healthy. A balanced and nutritious diet during pregnancy contains a balance of vitamins, minerals, and nutrients in general. According to researches, a pregnant woman consumes around 300 more calories over her normal diet. To start with, plan meals and serving sizes appropriately based on body weight, exercise levels, gestational age, and maternal age. The following food is recommended as a part of the diet of pregnant women:

In addition to the above, there are certain foods such as caffeine and fish that are needed to be eaten in a limit. 200 mg of caffeine is safe to be consumed in a day while excess coffee intake can contribute to miscarriage or premature birth. Also, if you are a non-vegetarian and eat mercury-rich fishes like albacore and tuna, then, you should limit its consumption to no more than 6 ounces a week as mercury can prove harmful to a baby’s developing brain. Alcohol and unpasteurized foods should be avoided strictly.

Antenatal Examination

Prenatal care implies regular antenatal check-ups. They allow doctors to prevent potential health problems throughout the pregnancy phase and to promote a healthy lifestyle for the mother and the child. Once your pregnancy test is positive, visit your doctor. The doctor may arrange blood tests and scans before your first antenatal visit. The first appointment is generally around 10-12 weeks of pregnancy.
At first antenatal care visit, the doctor or midwives will check your blood pressure, weight, and height and record the readings. Other examinations of heart, chest, and breast may be done if indicated. Routine antenatal tests also include a urine test of the lady. You will also be asked about possible signs of depression and stresses if any. Other information:

At other antenatal visits, followings activities are performed at the healthcare center including:

Antenatal Screening

The World Health Organization has issued a new series of recommendations to improve quality of antenatal care. Antenatal screening checks about the well-being of the baby in the womb. Prenatal diagnosis establishes whether or not the disorder is present. Screening aims to provide information which aids in decision making. The main procedures are amniocentesis and chorionic villus sampling (CVS).
The tests offered during pregnancy are either ultrasound scans or blood tests or a combination of both. Blood samples will help you identify the presence of inherited disorders such as sickle cell anemia and thalassemia or infections like HIV, hepatitis. UV scans detect physical abnormalities such as spina bifida. Blood tests and scans together help find the chance of chromosomal abnormalities such as Down's, Edward's and Patau's syndrome.
Our doctor Dr. Parul Jain determines the best and most effective way to guide about antenatal care. Visit our clinic to consult best gynecologist in Gurgaon.